How WordPress Actually Works Behind the Scenes

Ever wondering how WordPress actually works behind the scenes? Most of the users today thinks that it is simple because all you have to do is type a URL as well as page loads in just a few seconds. However, there are actually lots of work behind the scenes. This guide will show you through infographics how the WordPress team actually works behind the scene.

  1. Load theWp-config.php File

It is the WordPress configuration file. This file sets global variables for WordPresssites, it also contains the WordPress data info. For a very obvious reason, this is the first file that WordPress loads.

 

  1. Set-up default constants

After the load of wp-config.php file, WordPress will then move to set the default constants. Default constants includes all the information needed such as the default upload location, maximum file sizes as well as other default constant sets.

 

  1. Load the advanced-cache.php file

Once the advanced-cache.php file already exists on your website, then WordPress will load it next. Advanced-cache-.php file is a file that acts like a drop-in file. It is used by a number of popular WordPress plugins. If your website is suing this type of file, you will then notice a new item on plugins display called Drop-ins.

 

  1. Load the wp-content/db.php file

WordPress allow developers to make or create their own database attraction layer as well as load them in a db.php file. These files are placed inside the wp-content folder.

 

  1. Connect the MySQL. Select Database

After WordPress had enough info it needs to proceed further, it will now move or connect to the MySQL server. It will also select the database, however, if WordPress isn’t able to connect to the database, you will see the sign “establishing database connection” the error sign. From this point, WordPress will now quit. If everything worked fine, then WordPress will now move on to the next set of steps.

  1. Load the object-cache.php or the wp-includes/cache.php file

 

  1. Load the wp-content/sunrise.php file.

 

  1. Load the Localization library.

 

  1. Load the Multiple Plugins.

 

  1. “muplugins_loaded” do action

This action is only available to those network activated plugins on WordPress multisite.

 

  1. Load the Active Plugins

 

  1. Load the pluggable.php file

This file contains all the functions WordPress plugins can be redefined. If WordPress cannot see the files inside that are already defined by another plugin, then it will define those functions itself.

  1. “plugins_loaded” do action

 

  1. Load the rewrite rules

  1. $wp_query, $wp_rewrite, $wp

WordPress will now load the 3 following objects:

$wp_query – it holds the WP_Query class and tells WordPress the contents requester in a usual WP query format.

$wp_rewrite – another global instance which holds the WP_Rewrite class. This file contains the rewrite rules and functions.

$wp – it contains the function which will parse the request and performs the main query.

 

  1. “set_up theme”

This action typically runs before the WordPres theme is actually loaded.

 

  1. Load the child theme’s functions.php file

 

  1. Load the parent theme’s functions.php file

 

  1. “after_setup_theme”

After WordPress has already set-up the theme and all the theme functions, it will now action the “after_setup_theme”.

 

  1. Set-up the Current User Object

 

  1. “init” action

“init” action allows the developer to add codes they needed to execute after WordPress has already loaded all information needed.

  1. “widget_init” do action
  2. Run the wp()

It is located in the wp-includes/functions.php file

  1. Request parse
  2. Run Query
  3. Do the action “template_redirect”

  1. Load the Feed Template.
  2. Then Load Template
  3. “Shutdown” action

The last action is called the shutdown. At this point, the WordPress will now stop working since it already ran the code and the generated user’s requested webpage.

That’s it. That is how WordPress actually works behind the scene. And what is more amazing is that all of these things actually happen within milliseconds.

We hope that this article will help you a lot in learning how WordPress works behind the scenes. If you have comments, suggestions or ideas, please write in the comment box below.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

How to safeguard your WordPress Site from the Cookies thief?

The above topic may sound cacophonous to the web admin that are largely depending on the WordPress for building their sites. This is not for the first time that webmasters have to come across the issues related to the security of the WordPress CMS. This has not only become all time preferred CMS just because of the numbers but it has also provided the relevant solutions to the user’s issues.

The diligent efforts in maintaining the security and the integrity of the CMS is undoubted and has made it stand ahead of the others. Irrespective of this the mischievous activities of the hacker’s community is never ending. The latest news as about the fake WordPress API that is quite similar in name with the original one has been launched to steal the information of the websites.

Nowadays the latest trap developed by the attackers is not all about hacking the site but they are focusing on stealing the information from the site. This is done by floating the fake WordPress site that is built to befool the webmasters and admin to give it control to browse the sessions and stealing the information.

This site related news was first revealed by the consulting firm Security in its report. This site is launched in the name of the WordPrssAPI that is quite enough to befool the users for using this fake API as it is of the WordPress CMS. Thus the mere typo sort of error made by the users in choosing the WordPrssAPI can lead you in troubles. This entire episode was about stealing information from the active cookies of the site.

This was based on the idea of using impersonate usage of the site by befooling the admin and the webmasters. Further, in the report, the Consulting firm clarified that there were no potential damages made to the sites running on the WordPress CMS. It also states that the fake site intending to steal the cookies is now offline. But this has created a new havoc for the WordPress Users that now shall keep a watch on such sites with malicious intentions.

The Original WordPress sites are having a pattern of login session expiry that safeguards the users from various issues as every time they have to log in using the password. This fraudulent API was stealing the information and sending it to the fake site so the login session expiry constraint was released.

How this Typo-squatting works?

This is known as the typo-squatting concept for befouling the users to long on the fake sites. Such sites are built in a dense coding pattern where it is difficult to notice the malicious code. This is usually injected in the JavaScript that allows the malware to run on the site without getting detected easily.

Further adding to it the hackers have developed the site in such a manner that all the information that was sent to the fake domains was kept hidden from the search engine crawlers. Thus it is inevitable for the webmasters to take care in using the legitimate sites only for any sort of code audit and other such processes.

The increasing number of the CMS based sites and has given the attackers the opportunity to focus on these sites as they are a simple target. The modular components make it easy to inject the malicious codes in the CMS based sites. These attacks are more prone to affect the sites running on the CMS like WordPress, Joomla and Magento, therefore, the webmasters need to be more focused and attentive for the same.

How to Move a WordPress from HTTP to HTTP/SSL

Are you looking for ways on how to move a WordPress from HTTP to HTTP/SSL but have no idea how to start? Do not worry, we’ve got you all covered.

You may have heard of the news that Google announced that they have already started using HTTP as a ranking signal. This would mean that for starters, these changes only affect less than 1 percent of global search queries. However, these changes shall definitely infers an implication on your site whether or not you are using an HTTP or HTTPS protocol.

First let’s take a look at the meaning of HTTPS and SSL. Later on, we are going to differentiate the two. Afterwards, we are going to teach how to install and activate SSL certificate and finally, moving your WordPress site from HTTP to HTTPS.

What are SSL and HTTPS?

Image courtesy: devcentral.f5.com

 

Secure Sockets Layer or commonly termed as SSL is the standard security technology used in establishing links between a browser and a web server. It ensures that all the data passed between the browser and the web server remains private and essential to prevent tampering and eavesdropping. HTTPS on the other hand, is a combination of HTTP with SSL/TLS. Basically, HTTPS is an HTTP connection which delivers the data secured by suing an SSL/TLS.

How to Activate an SSL certificate?

Once you have purchased an SSL certificate, the next thing you have to do is to activate it. To do this, you will first need to acquire a CSR code which is generated on your server through your hosting service provider.

Important notice:

Once you install a certificate, the interface will then indicate whether your certificate is self-signed. Self-signed certificates, on the other hand, are easy targets for hackers and attackers and it may generate security warnings on your user’s web browsers. The tip is to only install a self-signed certificate temporarily. After that, replace the certificate with a valid certificate coming from a valid CA or certificate authority.

Usually, your hosting provider offers a much simpler UI in order to activate SSL certificate. That is, you just have to paste in the private key and certificate itself, and then the CA-bundle.

Installing an SSL certificate:

Browse Certificates

  1. Click on Browse Certificates and then the SSL certificate window will appear.
  2. Select the account from the Browse Account menu.
  3. Select the desired certificate
  4. Click Use Certificate. The system will then automatically populate the text boxes.
  5. A Certificate Authority Bundle text box will appear if you select a purchased SSL certificate. This is optional.
  6. If the system does not automatically populate this text box, contact your hosting provider or the organization from which you have purchased the certificate.
  7. Click Install.

Certificate’s Domain

  1. Enter your domain name.The AutoFill by Domain button will appear.
  2. Type in your certificate’s information in the text box. Or you may simply click Autofill by Domain in order to automatically populate the certificate information text boxes.
  3. Click Install.

How to Move WordPress Site from HTTP to HTTPS

For version 1.7 and above, the urls are converted to the right protocol if they have a difference between migration targets. Hence, no extra steps is required by the user.

Image courtesy: bram.us

For versions 1.6.1 and below, there are several steps you need to know to correctly convert protocols in between migration targets.

Image courtesy: cdn.deliciousbrains.com

By following these tips, you should now be able to move your WordPress website from HTTP to HTTPS. It might look cumbersome at first, but it’s really simple once you tried it. It can be done in no time. Goodluck!

 

 

 

 

Become a WordPress Master And Discover Just How Easy It Is to Build A Website

The fact that WordPress today is the most popular Content Management System, despite facing tough competition from tough opponents like Drupal and Joomla!, is a feat in itself. But let us pause and ask: What makes WordPress so special? It is the evergreen features, the dedicated community, and the ease to use it. There is unlimited potential in WordPress, with numerous developers trying to come up with new features, which could easily intimidate new users. But in reality, WordPress is really easy to master.

Getting through the documentation

Like most languages and frameworks, the key to learning WordPress is through its documentation. The documentation is pretty descriptive (if not interesting), detailing the basics of the platform. The WordPress Codex is the online manual for WordPress and contains some of the most useful features like loops and template designs.

Getting your basics right

One thing that must be kept in mind is that WordPress is not some magical tool (although it sure looks like one). Apart from blogging, the most important use of WordPress is designing websites, and hence, you would need to learn here what any web designing process requires: HTML and CSS. The world of markup languages and style sheets has fairly expanded over the years, so you would do well to work up to HTML5 and CSS3. Even so, mastery over these languages would enable you to put your code directly into WordPress features, without having to depend upon widgets.

Take help from the community

Few technologies enjoy the kind of community WordPress has achieved over the years. There are thousands of people working, even right now, in order to unlock new doors from WordPress. Some of those people might even be generous enough. Hence, do not shy away from asking your queries in such forums. Do not be shy; every great programmer started from asking “how do I print ‘Hello World’?”. However, refrain from asking vague questions- these people might be generous, but they are not patient enough.

Keep plugins for the last

It might sound unfair; after all, why are plugins there if not to use them? Plugins do make our lives simpler, but it also gives us a shortcut from the actual hard work. Playing with the code, making mistakes and correcting them, it is the only way you would learn.

Read books

Reading books have never and will never go out of fashion. The Codex might give you syntactical information, but books will give you understanding and insights. Most beginner books fairly assume that you are a novice and thus explain everything on the way. It is the right way to proceed; understanding basics is the only way to master something. Some of the best books on this subject are:

  • Professional WordPress: Design and Development by Williams, Damstra, and Stern
  • Web Designer’s Guide to WordPress by Friedman
  • WordPress for Dummies by Lisa Sabin-Wilson

Google a lot

Okay, this is not our attempt to run away from your troubles. Problem-solving works best when you try to find a solution, and search engines are the best way to find treasures. Given the huge number of developers working withWordPress, it is easy to assume that whatever problem you are facing, someone might and already faced it and someone else might have already solved it. Not only will it solve your issues quickly, it will also allow you to see a pattern among problems.

Embed audio & video on WordPress with these plugins

WordPress is today the biggest platform for blogging and one of the most popular ones for content hosting. From the most casual to the most devout user, WordPress has something to offer to everyone. One of the numerous features that WordPress provides is the ability to include media like audio and video into the site. But, how is this useful?

The obvious reason is the attractiveness of the website. A site offering music along with content is obviously much more appealing that a site providing only content. But apart from the look, the bigger reason is the utility. Audio and video enable the content to be more elaborative and explanatory, which compels the users to come back to it often.

The most common and the simplest way to embed audio/video into your site are uploading it to the media library of the site. Once that it is done, you could include the content anywhere On your site by creating simple shortcuts. It also allows you to create shortcuts and include thumbnails.

However, re-uploading the content on every site you use could be costly and tedious. The better approach would be to use oEmbed, the inbuilt WordPress feature that provides powerful functionalities. It could extract content directly from third-party applications like YouTube and DailyMotion, and embed it into your site. The procedure is simple and requires only a URL in most cases. Yet, inbuilt features have their limitations in scale and functionality. For this, the use of plugins comes into play.

  • Video Plugins

If your video content comes primarily from YouTube, then Yottie is an excellent plugin for you. Being a dedicated plugin for a single website, Yottie provides a host of excellent features, like the ability to deal with not just individual videos but whole playlists and channel. The plugin provides numerous settings to choose from, depending on whatever suits you the best. In case your videos come from multiple sources, Video Gallery is a great plugin for you. It not only scrapes videos from multiple sites, it could also host videos from your local drive. Also, it supports the live streaming feature, which is a huge plus point in many cases.

  • Audio Plugins

WordPress is fast becoming a favorite for podcasts, and MP3 Sticky Player is a great plugin for that purpose. Not only could you include content from sites like SoundCloud, you could also directly upload audio content to your website. However, if that looks plain and boring to you, you could always go for tPlayer. There is nothing new in tPlayer as far as functionality is considered, but the look and aesthetics are great. If you want to improve the look even further by manually customizing the audio content, Disk Audio Player is a fine choice. Based on HTML5, Disk Audio Player gives a host of customizing options, along with Buy/Download buttons so that you could use your site for financial gains.

The options to choose from are many, and each provides a set of features that might appeal to some if not all. What is necessary for you to realize is that audio/video content is necessary today in order to keep your site relevant. Choosing the right plugins can contribute a lot in increasing your site’s traffic.

How to safeguard your WordPress Site from the Cookies thief?

The above topic may sound cacophonous to the web admin that are largely depending on the WordPress for building their sites. This is not for the first time that webmasters have to come across the issues related to the security of the WordPress CMS. This has not only become all time preferred CMS just because of the numbers but it has also provided the relevant solutions to the user’s issues.

The diligent efforts in maintaining the security and the integrity of the CMS is undoubted and has made it stand ahead of the others. Irrespective of this the mischievous activities of the hacker’s community is never ending. The latest news as about the fake WordPress API that is quite similar in name with the original one has been launched to steal the information of the websites.

Nowadays the latest trap developed by the attackers is not all about hacking the site but they are focusing on stealing the information from the site. This is done by floating the fake WordPress site that is built to befool the webmasters and admin to give it control to browse the sessions and stealing the information.

This site related news was first revealed by the consulting firm Security in its report. This site is launched in the name of the WordPrssAPI that is quite enough to befool the users for using this fake API as it is of the WordPress CMS. Thus the mere typo sort of error made by the users in choosing the WordPrssAPI can lead you in troubles. This entire episode was about stealing information from the active cookies of the site.

This was based on the idea of using impersonate usage of the site by befooling the admin and the webmasters. Further, in the report, the Consulting firm clarified that there were no potential damages made to the sites running on the WordPress CMS. It also states that the fake site intending to steal the cookies is now offline. But this has created a new havoc for the WordPress Users that now shall keep a watch on such sites with malicious intentions.

The Original WordPress sites are having a pattern of login session expiry that safeguards the users from various issues as every time they have to log in using the password. This fraudulent API was stealing the information and sending it to the fake site so the login session expiry constraint was released.

How this Typo-squatting works?

This is known as the typo-squatting concept for befouling the users to long on the fake sites. Such sites are built in a dense coding pattern where it is difficult to notice the malicious code. This is usually injected in the JavaScript that allows the malware to run on the site without getting detected easily.

Further adding to it the hackers have developed the site in such a manner that all the information that was sent to the fake domains was kept hidden from the search engine crawlers. Thus it is inevitable for the webmasters to take care in using the legitimate sites only for any sort of code audit and other such processes.

The increasing number of the CMS based sites and has given the attackers the opportunity to focus on these sites as they are a simple target. The modular components make it easy to inject the malicious codes in the CMS based sites. These attacks are more prone to affect the sites running on the CMS like WordPress, Joomla and Magento, therefore, the webmasters need to be more focused and attentive for the same.